species: Stichopus chloronotus in taxonomy (Lizard Island Field Guide)
Stichopus chloronotus

©Anne Hoggett: Stichopus chloronotus at Dynamite Pass (Reef 14-140) near Lizard Island.

©Lyle Vail: Stichopus chloronotus off Casuarina Beach, Lizard Island.
Kingdom Animalia
Phylum Echinodermata
Class Holothuroidea
Order Aspidochirotida
Family Stichopodidae
Genus Stichopus
Species Stichopus chloronotus



Distinguishing features

Stichopus chloronotus is easily distinguished from all other holothurians by its colour and body shape. It is dark green/black, square in cross-section with rows of papillae delineating the sides from the upper and lower surfaces. Papillae usually with small patches of orange at the tips. The body wall is firm.


  • Size data has not been obtained.

Depth range

  • Depth range data is not yet available.



©Atlas of Living Australia: Australian distribution

Distribution and habitat preferences

Stichopus chloronotus is extremely common in sheltered shallow reef-flat areas in the Lizard Island group.

Web resources


  • Bakus, G.J. (1981). Chemical defense mechanisms on the Great Barrier Reef, Science, 211: 497-499. LIRS catalog number 41.
  • Cannon, L.R.G. and H. Silver (1986). Sea Cucumbers of Northern Australia Queensland Museum, Brisbane. LIRS catalog number 229.
  • Moriarty, D.J.W. (1982). Feeding of Holothuria atra and Stichopus chloronotus on bacteria, organic carbon and organic nitrogen in sediments of the Great Barrier Reef, Australian Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research, 33: 255-263. LIRS catalog number 76.
  • View all references