species: Tubulophilinopsis gardineri in Lizard Island Field Guide (Lizard Island Field Guide)
Tubulophilinopsis gardineri

©Barbara Banks: Tubulophilinopsis gardineri at Yonge Reef near Lizard Island.

©Barbara Banks: Tubulophilinopsis gardineri at Lizard Island. The white line at rear of headshield is just visible at about mid-body in this photo.

©Cassy Thompson: Tubulophilinopsis gardineri at Lizard Island. No white line apparent on this specimen.
Kingdom Animalia
Phylum Mollusca
Class Gastropoda
Order Cephalaspidea
Family Aglajidae
Genus Tubulophilinopsis
Species Tubulophilinopsis gardineri



Distinguishing features

Black edged with bright blue. A fine white line at the rear of the headshield not always present. The paired "tails" are short, rounded and of similar length. (Humann and Deloach, 2010)


  • Up to 3.5 cm (Length)



©Atlas of Living Australia: Australian distribution


Can bury itself quickly into sand (observed by Cassy Thompson in March 2014).

Web resources


References that assist with identification

  • Humann, P. and N. Deloach (2010). Reef Creature Identification: Tropical Pacific New World Publications Inc., Jacksonville, Florida, USA.

Other references

  • Anthes, N. (2006). Mating conflicts and their evolution in simultaneously hermaphroditic sea slugs, Ph.D. thesis, Eberhard Karls Universitaet Tuebingen, Germany. LIRS catalog number 976.
  • Anthes, N. and N.K. Michiels (2007). Reproductive morphology, mating behaviour, and spawning ecology of cephalaspid sea slugs (Aglajdae and Gastropteridae), Invertebrate Biology, 126: 335-365. LIRS catalog number 1117.
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