species: Sphenopus marsupialis in Lizard Island Field Guide (Lizard Island Field Guide)
Sphenopus marsupialis


©Anne Hoggett: Sphenopus marsupialis on the northern side of Lizard Island away from base of reef, 21 m depth.

©Anne Hoggett: Sphenopus marsupialis on the northern side of Lizard Island away from base of reef, 21 m depth.

©Anne Hoggett: Sphenopus marsupialis on the northern side of Lizard Island away from base of reef, 21 m depth.
Kingdom Animalia
Phylum Cnidaria
Class Anthozoa
Order Zoantharia
Family Sphenopidae
Genus Sphenopus
Species Sphenopus marsupialis

Colours

              

Distinguishing features

A solitary zoanthid with a wide, rounded aboral end that lives in sandy substrate. There are numerous records of the species in off-reef habitats around Lizard Island (ALA accessed 2 Feb 2020).

Size

  • Up to 4 cm (polyp height of photographed specimen)
  • Up to 9 cm (polyp height of large specimen reported by Fujii and Reimer, 2016)

Synonyms

Distribution


©Atlas of Living Australia: Australian distribution

Web resources

References

References that assist with identification

  • Burnett, J.A.H. Benzie, J.A. Beardmore and J.S. Ryland, W.J. (1997). Zoanthids (Anthozoa, Hexacorallia) from the Great Barrier Reef and Torres Strait, Australia: systematics, evolution and a key to species. Coral Reefs, 16: 55-68. LIRS catalog number 90372.
  • Fujii, T. and J.D. Reimer (2016). A new solitary free-living species of the genus Sphenopus (Cnidaria, Anthozoa, Zoantharia, Sphenopidae) from Okinawa-jima Island, Japan. Zookeys, 606:11-24, . LIRS catalog number 90305.
  • Reimer, J.D., M. Lin, T. Fujii, D.J.W. Lane and B.W. Hoeksema (2012). The phylogenetic position of the solitary zoanthid genus Sphenopus (Cnidaria: Hexacorallia). Contributions to Zoology, 81(1): 43-54. LIRS catalog number 90306.