species: Heliofungia actiniformis in Lizard Island Field Guide (Lizard Island Field Guide)
Heliofungia actiniformis


©Anne Hoggett: A large free-living individual of Heliofungia actiniformis at Cobia Hole, Lizard Island.

©Anne Hoggett: Mouth of large free-living individual of Heliofungia actiniformis at Cobia Hole, Lizard Island.

©Anne Hoggett: A small individual of Heliofungia actiniformis still attached to the substrate at Cobia Hole, Lizard Island.
Kingdom Animalia
Phylum Cnidaria
Class Anthozoa
Order Scleractinia
Family Fungiidae
Genus Heliofungia
Species Heliofungia actiniformis
Status vulnerable

Colours

              

Distinguishing features

A fungid coral with large, bulb-tipped tentacles that are always extended. The oral disc is radially striped. Colour is typically light brown with pale tentacle tips. Septal teeth are well developed and triangular.

Size

  • Up to 20 cm (diameter of specimens at Lizard Island)

Synonyms

Distribution


©Atlas of Living Australia: Australian distribution

Distribution and habitat preferences

Sheltered back reef areas and lagoons.

Can be found in most habitats around Lizard Island.

Behaviour

H. actiniformis is a broadcast spawning hermaphrodite, however it can also brood larvae. In Sulawesi, the species reached 20cm diameter and an age of more than 20 years.

Web resources

References

  • Baird, A.H., J.R. Guest and B.L. Willis (2009). Systematic and biogeographical patterns in the reproductive biology of scleractinian corals, Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution and Systematics, 40: 551-571.
  • Knittweis, L., J. Jompa, C. Richter and M. Wolff (2009). Population dynamics of the mushroom coral Heliofungia actiniformis in the Spermonde Archipelago, South Sulawesi, Indonesia, Coral Reefs, 28: 793-804.
  • Knittweis, L., W.E. Kraemer, J. Timm and M. Kochzius (2009). Genetic structure of Heliofungia actiniformis (Scleractinia: Fungiidae) populations in the Indo-Malay Archipelago: implications for live coral trade management efforts. Conservation Genetics, 10: 241-249.