Indian almond (species: Terminalia catappa) in Lizard Island Field Guide (Lizard Island Field Guide)
Terminalia catappa
Indian almond

©Anne Hoggett: Terminalia catappa with leaves beginning to turn red, 3 Sep 2016, at Lizard Island Research Station. The tree in the foreground with much smaller leaves is Terminalia arenicola.

©Anne Hoggett: Terminalia catappa at Lizard Island Research Station, 27 Oct 2016. New leaves and flowering has just started.

©Anne Hoggett: Flowers of Terminalia catappa, Lizard Island Research Station, 27 Oct 2016.
Kingdom Plantae
Division Tracheophyta
Class Magnoliopsida
Order Myrtales
Family Combretaceae
Genus Terminalia
Species Terminalia catappa



Distinguishing features

A large tree with very large leaves. up to about 35 cm long. Leaves turn to bright red/mauve in late winter before dropping and being replaced very quickly with new leaves. Flowers appear within a few weeks of the new leaves. Distinctive almond-shaped fruits grow up to 10 cm long.


  • Size data has not been obtained.



©Atlas of Living Australia: Australian distribution

Web resources


References that assist with identification

  • Cribb, A.B. and J.W. Cribb (1985). Plant life of the Great Barrier Reef and adjacent shores University of Queensland Press, St Lucia.

Other references

  • Byrnes, N.B., S.L. Everist, S.T. Reynolds, A. Specht and R.L. Specht (1977). The vegetation of Lizard Island, North Queensland, Proceedings of the Royal Society of Queensland, 88: 1-15. LIRS catalog number 3.